In December 2001, Richard Reid, a criminal who had converted to Islam while in prison, boarded an American Airlines flight from Paris bound for Miami.While the aircraft was high above the Atlantic he attempted, unsuccessfully, to detonate explosives that were packed into his shoes.He was subdued by the crew and other passengers and was later sentenced to three life terms plus 110 years without parole.It later emerged that he had attended the Finsbury Park mosque where members of al-Mahoujiroun had operated.The Ricin Plot As he faces his spell in prison, we examine the life and times of the 49-year-old father of four and explore the terror plots he is alleged to have been associated with.Choudary’s early lifeBorn in Welling, south east London, Choudary’s father was a market trader and he had an unremarkable and generally happy childhood.His parents were from Pakistan, but were not particularly devout and he had many white non-Muslim friends growing up.Bright and ambitious, Andy, as he was known to his friends, won a place at Southampton University to read medicine. For more than a decade Anjem Choudary has gleefully fulfilled the role of radical Islam’s pantomime villain, spouting a stream of controversial rhetoric deliberately designed to wind up his detractors.Jailed on Tuesday for five and a half years, Choudary has revelled in his role as Sharia Law’s agent provocateur, whether he was calling for the Queen to wear a burkha, or for drunks to receive 40 lashes.But behind the rabble rousing headlines, Choudary’s malign influence on disillusioned and impressionable young Muslim’s has had deadly consequences, with some experts claiming around half of all terror attacks carried out by Britons can be linked in some way to him or the Al-Muhajiroun organisation that he fronted. Hindu convert Dhiren Barot was arrested in 2004 and charged with plotting to blow up the New York Stock Exchange, the International Monetary Fund headquarters in Washington and the World Bank using limousines carrying radioactive dirty bombs.There were also plans to blow up London underground trains as they travelled under the River Thames.He was charged alongside Luton based Abdul Aziz Jalil, who was an al-Muhajiroun activist.The 7/7 Bombings Siddhartha Dhar was a close associate of ChoudaryCredit:LNP Emdadur Choudhury leaves Wesminster Magistrates’ CourtCredit:AFP/Getty Choudary became Omar Bakri Mohammed’s right hand man He fell completely under Bakri’s spell and the pair went on to found the al-Muhajiroun organisation, which campaigned to unite Muslims across the world and see the global imposition of Sharia Law.Along with a zealous group of devotees they travelled around the country setting up market stalls radicalising young Muslims and even encouraging some to go abroad and fight.In 1999 Choudary told a Telegraph investigation that: “The volunteers are trained in Britain and some of the training does involve guns and live ammunition.”Al –MuhajirounDespite its increasingly outspoken stance, Al-Muhajiroun was largely ignored until after the September 11 attacks on the United States.While the world condemned the atrocity, Bakri Mohammed helped organise a seminar at the Finsbury Park Mosque entitled: September 11 2001: A Towering Day in History.Choudary was among those who attended and the hijackers were praised as the “Magnificent 19”.With it influence quietly building within some communities, the security services began to note that young men had approached al-Muhajiroun “slightly radicalised” and had emerged a short time later “very radicalised”.Choudary became a regular in the media spouting increasingly extreme opinions.He was a fixture at all major Islamic demonstrations, able to whip up the crowd with his well rehearsed rants.But despite calls for him to be arrested for incitement he used his training as a lawyer to ensure he remained on the right side of the increasingly stringent terrorism legislation. Earlier this year delivery driver Junead Khan from Luton was jailed for life for plotting to kill US servicemen outside an airbase in Suffolk.The 25-year-old used his job to scout for potential victims and had planned to stage a road accident outside the Lakenheath base and then attack people who came to help.At his trial the court heard he had also intended to go to Syria to join Islamic State.Detectives believe that Choudary was behind his radicalisation. Britain’s youngest convicted terrorist was just 14 when he was found to be orchestrating a plot from his bedroom in Blackburn that would have seen an Australian jihadist carry out a massacre on Anzac Day.He was jailed for life with a recommendation that he serves at least five years after a court heard that the plot was shocking in its “brutality and scope”.Inspired by Islamic State, the teenager, who cannot be named, is understood to have had contact with Choudary prior to hatching the plot.Siddhartha Dhar On Remembrance Day 2010 members of the al-Mahajiroun offshoot, Muslims Against Crusades gathered near the Royal Albert Hall to burn poppies.Throughout the two minute silence they could be heard shouting ‘British soldiers burn in hell’.The following March, Emdadur Choudhury, 26, from east London was convicted of a Public Order Offence.Despite the offence and upset caused, Choudhury was fined just £50 which he refused to pay.The fine was paid for by his good friend Anjem ChoudaryToy Car Bomb Plot Former bouncy castle salesman Siddhartha Dhar emerged as the unlikely narrator in a chilling Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) video released earlier this year in which a number of suspected spies were executed.The 32-year-old from Walthamstow, east London, changed his name to Abu Rumaysah after converting from Hinduism to Islam.A spokesman for al-Muhajiroun, he was a close associate of Choudary, who lived nearby in Walthamstow.RAF Lakenheath Plot Choudary was known for his party lifestyle at universityCredit:Solent News and Photo Agency Omar Khyam was convicted in connection with the Bluewater shopping centre plot Junead Khan was convicted of planning a terror attack on RAF Lakenheath Adebolajo was filmed standing behind Choudary at a Muslims Against Crusades protest in London in 2007.After their murderous attack on Drummer Rigby, Choudary persistently refused to condemn their actions and was even seen in one video saying the killers would go to paradise.Plot to Behead British Soldier Dhiren Barot plotted to blow up the New York Stock Exchange Michael Adebolajo was a supporter of ChoudaryCredit:BBC News Choudary is thought to have influenced Britain’s youngster convicted terrorist In December 2010 police uncovered a plot by an al-Qaeda gang to detonate a bomb at the London Stock Exchange.The men had planned to send five mail bombs to various targets including the stock exchange and the home of the then London Mayor, Boris Johnson, in the run up to Christmas.The group had also discussed carrying out a Mumbai style marauding attack.Mohammed Chowdhury, Shah Rahman, Gurukanth Desai and Abdul Miah later pleaded guilty to preparing for acts of terrorism, while Mohammed Shahjahan, Omar Latif, Nazam Hussain, Usman Khan and Mohibur Rahman admitted other terrorism offences.Six of the nine men had been personally taught by Choudary, who later said their plans had been “taken out of context”.Poppy Burners Nine men admitted various terror charges connected to the Stock Exchange plot While some chose to dismiss Choudary as an ludicrous figure of fun, the security services became increasingly alarmed at how many British jihadists were citing him as a direct influence.HOPE not hate, the pressure group, published a report in 2013 that suggested Choudary and his acolytes had been implicated in as many as 30 terrorist act or plots around the world.The organisation’s chief executive, Nick Lowles said: “Justice has been a long time coming. For far too long, Anjem Choudary has played a key role as a cheerleader for ISIS, and been allowed to demonise the Muslim community.”He added: “Over the last 15 years he has influenced and inspired over 100 Britons who have carried out or attempted to carry out terrorist attacks at home and abroad. Finally Choudary can now pay for his actions.”Here we examine some of the terror plots Choudary and al-Muhajiroun have been implicated in. The shoe bomber Just over a year after the murder of Drummer Rigby, a teenager who had been inspired by their actions was arrested with a knife en route to behead a soldier.Ziamani, 19, from Camberwell in south London, was turned into an Islamic extremist by Choudary after he was kicked out of his Jehovah’s Witness family home.Homeless he was offered a place to stay at a flat in Camberwell that was a meeting place for Choudary and members of his banned al-Mouhajiroun group.Anzac Day Plot Brusthom Ziamani was jailed for life for plotting to behead a soldier The London bombings left 52 people dead and hundreds injuredCredit:Eddie Mulholland Adebolajo (L) and Adebowale (R) had attended al-Muhajiroun events (Clockwise from top left) Zahid Iqbal, Mohammed Ahmed, Syed Hussain, Umar Arshad all British and from Luton, all admitted a series of terrorism offences In April 2013 four men were jailed for plotting to blow up a Territorial Army base by sending in a remote controlled toy car packed with explosives.Zahid Iqbal, Mohammed Sharfaraz Ahmed, Umar Arshad and Syed Farhan Hussain, all from Luton had discussed making a homemade bomb based on instructions provided in an English language jihadist magazine.The men, who had undergone physical training exercises in Snowdonia and the Brecon Beacons, had attended numerous al-Muhajiroun events in Luton.The Royal Wooten Bassett Plot Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. In 2006 police interrupted a plot by Islamic extremists linked to al-Qaeda to bring down seven transatlantic airliners using liquid explosives carried on board disguised as soft drinks.A total of 24 suspects were arrested in a series of raids, with seven eventually convicted of conspiracy to murder.The ringleader of the plot, Abdulla Ahmed Ali, from east London, became involved with al-Muhajiroun while studying at City University.London Stock Exchange Plot On the morning of July 7 2005 coordinated suicide attacks across the London transport network claimed the lives of 52 people and injured 700 more.The terrorists, Mohamed Sidique Khan, Shehzad Tanweer, Jermaine Lindsay and Hasib Hussain had links to al-Muhajiroun.Khan had met with Omar Khyam the ringleader of the fertilizer bomb plot, who had been radicalised by Bakri.On the eve of the first anniversary of the attacks, the Choudary said Muslims in Britain were oppressed and had the right to defend themselves by any means necessary.He later refused to condemn their actions.Transatlantic Bomb Plot On the afternoon of May 22 2013 two Muslim converts, Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale, attacked and killed British army sergeant Lee Rigby close to his barracks in Woolwich, southeast London.Drummer Rigby, 25, who was off duty at the time but was wearing a Help for Heroes sweatshirt, was run over by their car and then partly decapitated in the street.On December 19 2013, both men were found guilty of murder and were jailed for life with Adebolajo told he would never be released and Adebowale told he would have to serve at least 45-years.Both men converted to Islam at around the same time and after falling under the spell of al-Muhajiroun activists, who had a considerable presence around Greenwich. Abdulla Ahmed Ali plotted an attack on airlines bigger than 9/11 Terrorist Richard Dart with Choudary In March 2004 police acting on intelligence intervened to prevent a terror plot that had been ordered by al Qaeda against a number of high profile targets across Britain, including the Bluewater shopping centre in Kent and the Ministry of Sound nightclub in London.More than 1,300 pounds of fertilizer, that can be used in bomb making was seized from a storage unit in west London.Omar Khyam, Waheed Mahood, Jawad Akbar, Anthony Garcia and Salahuddin Amin were eventually found guilty of conspiring to cause explosions and endanger life.It later emerged that Khyam, a 24-year-old computer studies student and a key ringleader of the plot had been radicalised by Bakri.The Dirty Bomb Plot In 2002, Kamal Bourgass, an Algerian born asylum seeker with links to al Qaeda, began plotting to unleash a deadly chemical attack on the streets of Britain.At his flat in Wood Green in north London, the 31-year-old set up a laboratory where he planned to manufacture ricin and other deadly chemicals.It was thought his plan was to smear the chemicals on car door handles in a busy part of the capital but the plot was interrupted and he fled to Manchester before his flat was raided.Tragically when the police moved in to capture him in January 2013, Bourgass stabbed to death Detective Constable Stephen Oake.While it is not known if Choudary and Bourgass ever had any direct contact, the Algerian was a follower of al-Muhajiroun.The Fertilizer Bomb Plot Kamel Bourgass planned a ricin attack and murdered a police officer In April 2013 former BBC security guard, Richard Dart, a white Muslim convert from Dorset, was one of three men jailed for their part in a plot to bomb Royal Wooten Bassett where mourners gathered to pay their respects to British troops killed in Afghanistan.Dart, who had appeared in a documentary entitled, My Brother The Islamist, had travelled to Pakistan for training and had provided information for others looking to do the same.Dart converted to Islam in the summer of 2009 under the tutelage of Choudary and became a key figure in the al-Muhajiroun spin off Muslims against Crusades.The Murder of Lee Rigby ‘Shoe bomber’, Richard Reid, is serving life in prison in the United States But his reported fondness for drink, drugs and pretty girls meant his studies took a back seat and he failed his first year exams.One university contemporary said: “I can’t keep a straight face when I see ‘fundamentalist Muslim Anjem Choudary in the papers, attacking the British for drinking and having girlfriends.”When I knew him he liked to be called Andy, would often smoke cannabis spliffs all day, and was proud of his ability to down a pint of cider in a couple of seconds.”Responding to the claims, Choudary said: “I admit I wasn’t always practising. I committed many mistakes in my life.”After flopping in his medical studies he subsequently switched to law and after qualifying as a solicitor became chairman of the Society of Muslim lawyers.His radicalisationBy his late 20s Choudary had begun to tire of his decadent lifestyle and had started to show more interest in religion, becoming a regular at the Mosque.Choudary’s journey from fun loving party animal to Muslim fundamentalist was swift once he met the Syrian born Islamist, Sheik Omar Bakri Mohammed at a mosque in Woolwich.